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Expedition cartographer Charles Preuss drew this picture of
Frémont's "Long Camp"
near Carson Pass in February of 1844.
Where is
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the picture

to see the
actual site.

February 11th, 1844, Frémont: "Taplin was sent back with a few men to assist Mr. Fitzpatrick; and continuing on with three sleighs carrying a part of the baggage, we had the satisfaction to encamp within two and a half miles of the head of the hollow, and at the foot of the last mountain ridge. Here two large trees had been set on fire, and in the holes, where the snow had melted away, we found a comfortable camp. The elevation of the camp by the boiling point, is 8,050 feet. We are now 1,000 feet above the level of the South Pass in the Rocky Mountains; and still we are not done ascending."

Charles Preuss: "We are now completely snowed in. The snowstorm is on top of us. The wind obliterates all tracks which, with incredible effort, we make for our horses. The horses are about twenty miles behind and are expected to arrive tonight, or rather, they are now no longer expected. How could they get through? At the moment no one can tell what will really happen. It is certain we shall have to eat horse meat."

They were trying to get across the 10,000' Sierra Nevada to Sutter's Fort at New Helvetia (Sacramento, California) for supplies.
March 6, 1844: "Capt. Frémont arrived at the fort with Kit Carson, and told me he was an officer of the U.S. and left a party behind in Distress and on foot, the few surviving Mules was packed with only the most necessary." Capitán Johann August Sutter

©1999, 2007
Bob Graham