From the ashes of his campfires
have sprung cities.
Beinecke Rare Book Library at Yale: Among the earliest
outdoor photographs taken by San Francisco photographer
Carleton E. Watkins, these images document the Mariposa
estate of Col. John C. Frémont.
Bill Trinkle's Bear Flag Museum--a chronology,
history, and more.
The Volcanoes of John C. Frémont. This is from
the USGS website on Living with Volcanoes.
To this Gate I gave the name of
Chrysopylae, or GOLDEN GATE;
for the same reasons that the harbor of
Byzantium was called Chrysoceras, or
And, from the USDA, Forest Service, here a web
cam on one of those currently active volcanoes--daylight
hours only, of course.
Frémont was the first to map portions of the Old
Spanish Trail. The mission of the Old Spanish Trail
Association (OSTA) is to study, preserve, protect,
interpret, and promote appropriate use of the Old Spanish
National Historic Trail.
The History Guy website pages on the Mexican War.
No one should try to understand
California of 1845-46,
and the men who played leading rolls there,
without a thorough reading of the
It is hard to escape the conclusion that
some of the historians of the period have not done
Mary Lee Spence, The Expeditions
of John Charles Frémont,
Wyoming writer Tom Rea has an internet article at
Place: The Pathfinder's Lost Instruments;
John C. Frémont's cavalier attitude toward his
scientific apparatus. An article on Frémont's
1st Expedition travels in present-day Wyoming in 1842. The
article includes the climb of
Frémont Peak and the raft
trip throught The Firey Narrows. This website
made some very small contribution to the article and gets a
nice credit at the end. Thanks, Tom.
People of Color on America's Western Frontier--a site
created and maintained by researcher Bennie J. McRae,
On my site, read about Jacob Dodson, a black youth who
figured so prominently in Frémont's 2nd and 3rd
His enterprises are full of hardship and
and the wildest romance.
To sleep under the open heaven,
and depend on one's rifle for food,
is coming about as near the primitive state of the
as a civilized man may well get;
and yet this life, in this case,
is adorned with the triumphs of science.
Here, in several formats, is the complete text of
Frémont's Reports of the 1842 Expedition to
the Rocky Mountains, and 1843-44 Expedition to Oregon,
California, and the Southwest.You can search within it with
your browser or text editor for dates, locations, and
It is searchable, and is editable
Topographical Engineers: A wonderful web site about
the history of the Topographical Corps, including
Frémont's Expeditions. There are also links to the
complete texts of many reports online.
The site also contains this excellent article:
Finding the Way and Fixing the Boundary: The Science and
Art of Western Map Making, As Exemplified by William H.
Emory and his Colleagues of the U.S. Corps of Topographical
Engineers, by Rollie Schafer
I must walk toward Oregon, and not
And that way the nation is moving,
And I may say that mankind progress from east to
Incidents of Travel and Adventure in the Far West with
Col. Frémont's last
Expedition by S. N.
Carvalho. This is the whole account, chapter by chapter, on
the internet. Wow!
Expedition Artists of the Fremont Expeditions:
Charles Preuss (1803-1854), Edward M. Kern (1823-1863)
Available on-line from the University of Michigan, the
entire text of On the use of the Barometer on Surveys
and Reconnaissances, Williamson, Robert Stockton,
New York, D. Van Nostrand; London, Trübner & Co.,
The nervous, rocky West is intruding
a new and continental element into the National
and we shall yet have an American.
Emerson, The Young American,
I have added some information and photographs on the
roads through the canyon of the South Fork of the American
River along the route that the Frémont Expedition
traveled between February 23rd and 26th in 1844. From 1852
until present, this has been an area of intense road
Cadastral Website: What if the batteries in your GPS
receiver give out? Go to this site to download Sun and
Polaris Ephemeris for year/month/day.
Here is one sent by Stephen
Thumblert, a surveyor from Stockton, California:
U.S. Naval Observatory Celestial Navigation Data for
Assumed Position and Time. Data can be produced for any
date and time from year 1700 through year 2015.
His reputation as an explorer,
for which he gave the enthusiam of his youth,
the maturity of his manhood,
and for which he sacrificed his profession and his
must continue to grow steadily in the future.
His unwavering, if impractical, devotion to
was forcibly illustrated by his emancipation
proclamation in Missouri,
which he declined to recall,
even at the request of the President, who revoked
General A. W. Greely,
Gold Medalist of the Royal Geographical Society and
the Société de Géographia,
The 1848 Frémont/Preuss map of the West.
And here the 7-segment map of the Oregon Trail was
drawn by Charles Preuss and published by the government in
The Origins of the Fremont Expeditions: John J. Abert
and the Scientific Exploration of the Trans-Mississippi
West. Vernon L. Volpe.
Thy error, Frémont, was to
The brave man's part, without the statesman's
And taking council but of common sense,
To strike at cause as well as consequence.
Heavenly Mathematics: The National University of
Sinapore: Highlights of Cultural
Approximate Sidereal Times of the Occultations of
Jupiter's Satellites by
Jupiter, and of the Transit of the Satellites and their
Shadows over the Disc of the Planet.
Get the UTC time from the US
Naval Observatory Master Clock.
Frémont has particularly touched
What a wild life, and what a fresh kind of
But, ah, the discomforts!
A neat site at Rice University on Latitude.
And I like this one from St. Andrews University
Barometer World & Museum: Barometers to buy,
restoration, Museum, books, spare Parts, FAQ,
Where still some grand peaks mark the
Touched by light of parting day,
And memories sun.
Backward amid the twylight glow,
Some lingering spots still brightly show,
On roads hard won.
Major General John Charles
Founders Medalist of the Royal Geographical
Baron von Humboldt Gold Medalist,
Gold Medal Société de
See Keith Pickering's Columbus Navigation Homepage
for a comparison of Columbus's and Drake's navigational
techniques and results in their determination of
Did Pedro de Unamuno Really Land in Morro Bay in
1587? Probably not, according to Michael Baird.
Here his examimation of the evidence.
Hike, bike, and horseback ride on the spectacular Tahoe
Rim Trail as it follows the ridges and mountain tops
that circle Lake Tahoe.
I find it impossible to describe the
hardships through which we passed,
nor am I capable in doing justice to the credit to
which he deserves.
But his services to his country have been left to
the judgement of impartial freemen,
and all agree in saying that they were great,
and have redounded to his honor, and to that of his
Brigadier General Christopher
Helen Pelster, who does volunteer work for the Truckee
Donner Land Trust, sends the URL for the Donner Lake Rim
Trail web site which she maintains. Frémont entered
California over this pass on his third expedition in 1845,
days behind the Grigsby - Ide Party of immigrants. He
returned from California in 1847 over the same route; this
time, under arrest for mutiny, he followed in the dust of
General Steven Watts Kearny.
Amazon Books: 20+ book titles on John C. Frémont.
Included is the brand new biography below--highly
recommended by this web site!
Sorrenson's Hope Valley Resort: The place to stay when
visiting Frémont's Long Camp. Buy a copy of THE
CROSSING from Sorrensen's extensive selection of history
and outdoors books, and read it in front of the fire.
In addition to most of the links
above, I am gratified to find that my site has acquired
links from many educational web sites and resource sites,
including he following:
- The National University of Singapore
- The University of Bonn
- Celestial Navigation in the Classroom
- World Book online
- Lehrstuhl für Didaktik der Physik
- Columbia University
- Southern Polytechnic (Georgia)
- United States Corps of Topgraphical
- University of California San Diego
- Education on the World Wide Web
- Trails West --Markers of the California
- Indigenous Peoples Institute
- Education America Network
- The University of Kansas
- Four Directions Institute
- Plebius - Architecture of the Mind
- Lassen County California: History and
- Minnesota Public Radio: The Writer's
- ENFIA -- The Eldorado National Forest
- Mill Valley Schools
- Wirtualna Polska
- Museum of Local History; Fremont, CA
[Editor's note: Bob tells me that the Long Camp
site is his hobby. And what a hobby!
The camp site referred to above is depicted on the
site in a photo that Bob took after hiking to it in
snowshoes!! The site has a number of other
Fremont-related links.. DSS]
And in these recently published
Professional assiduity, unusual
self-control, readiness to endure any amount of
monotonous hard work, deprivation, and
exhaustion--these were traits of Frémont
that we should not allow his many adventures,
and the picturesqueness of the scenes in which
he moved to obscure. It is significant that
Carson, like that other expert frontiersman Alex
Godey, regarded him with deferential respect. To
both he was as efficient a man of action as they
could desire--and in addition a scientist.
Allan Nevins, DeWitt Clinton
professor of history, Columbia
John C Fremont and the Course of American
Empire, Tom Chaffin's 2002 classic in a new
University of Oklahoma Press edition.
A very nice mention and the URL to this website
on the first page of the introduction. Wow!
a series of youth books, John
Charles Frémont: Western Pathfinder,
Barbara Witteman, Capstone Press: Bridgestone
Books, Part of Exploring the West Biographies, New
Eldorado National Forest Interpretive Association's
new guide, Hiking
in the Greater Carson Pass Region, contains
a map and hiking directions to Frémont's
Camp, the historic site first discovered
and presented on this website.
Gate: Owning the Land, Owning the Story
, Tom Rea, University of Oklahoma Press,
The history of the Sweetwater River valley in
central Wyoming--a remote place including Devil's
Gate, Independence Rock, and other sites along a
stretch of the Oregon Trail.
I had in my hand half a dozen
which I had made one day when encamped upon Laramie
with gunpowder and charcoal,
and the leaves of Frémont's Expedition,
rolled round a stout lead pencil.
I waited till I could get hold of the large piece
of burning bois de vache
which the Indians kept by them on the ground for
lighting their pipes.
With this I lighted all the fireworks at once,
and tossed them whizzing and sputtering into the
over the heads of the company.
Francis Parkman, The Oregon