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"I fancied I could see Frémont's men hauling the cannon up the battlements of the Rocky Mountains, flags in the air, Frémont at the head, waving his sword, and unknown and unnamed empires at every hand. Now I began to be enflamed with a love for action, adventure, glory, and great deeds away out yonder under the path of the setting sun." Western poet Joaquin Miller's recollection of reading Frémont's Report as an Illinois farmboy.
See also the bibliography for this website for books available online.

search this website with keywords

Below are some web pages that contain material for history papers.

go There were many blacks associated with the early exploration and opening of the West: African born Esteban de Dorantes with Álvar Núñes Cabeza de Vaca and Fray Marcos de Niza; York with Lewis and Clark; and men such as Jim Beckworth--mountain man and Crow Chief. With Frémont was a black youth named Jacob Dodson.

See also:
go People of Color on America's Western Frontier--a site created and maintained by researcher Bennie J. McRae, Jr.

go Overland Trail, a site created by Elizabeth Larson which includes links to people and events in western history.

go Here, in several formats, is the complete text of Frémont's Reports of the 1842 Expedition to the Rocky Mountains, and 1843-44 Expedition to Oregon, California, and the Southwest.You can search within it with your browser or text editor for dates, locations, and events.

go Here is a super page of links, a biography, and an image gallery for John Charles Frémont by Hugh Danaher.

go Incidents of Travel and Adventure in the Far West with Col. Frémont's last Expedition by S. N. Carvalho. The whole account on the internet!

go Topographical Engineers: A wonderful web site about the history of the Topographical Corps, including Frémont's Expeditions.

go Celestial Navigation Net. This webpage is an attempt to bring together all of the best Celestial Navigation resources on the internet, with pointers to other resources as well.

go Encycopedia Britannica entry for John Charles Frémont.

go Encycopedia Britannica entry for Kit Carson.

go And I like this one from St. Andrews University on Longitude.

go A neat site at Rice University on Latitude..

go A page from the University of Virginia on the opening of the West.

go Frémont was the first to map portions of the Old Spanish Trail. The mission of the Old Spanish Trail Association (OSTA) is to study, preserve, protect, interpret, and promote appropriate use of the Old Spanish National Historic Trail.

go The History Guy website pages on the Mexican War.

go The site also contains this excellent article:
Finding the Way and Fixing the Boundary: The Science and Art of Western Map Making, As Exemplified by William H. Emory and his Colleagues of the U.S. Corps of Topographical Engineers, by Rollie Schafer

Spring 2004. History Day
I recently had the pleasure of being interviewed by Brittany Darrow, State History Day participant from Alta Sierra and Buchanan High in Clovis, CA. History Day in California is a statewide program sponsored by Constitutional Rights Foundation and the California Department of Education in conjunction with National History Day.
Brittany was doing research for her presentation Exploring the West: The John and Jessie Frémont Story.
I have since learned that Britanny has advanced to the State Finals, to be held April 29th - May 2nd, 2004 in Sacramento. Congratulations Brittany!
In the course of her research, Britanny also interviewed Frémont's and Jessie Benton Frémont's biographers Tom Chaffin, Mary Lee Spence, and Pamela Herr.
Details of this program can be found on the following websites: Alta Sierra and Buchanan High, History Day in California, and National History Day


©1999, 2007
Bob Graham